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Saturday, 23 June 2018

HIV / AIDs and Human Rights in Manipur


Title: HIV / AIDs and Human Rights in Manipur
Author: Wahengbam Gyanibala
ISBN:  978-93-86934-17-8

About the Author:
Dr. Wahengbam Gyanibala has completed her M.A. (Sociology) from MS University, Vadodara. She completed her PhD. from Manipur University. She is currently working with Government of Manipur.

About the book:

When one studies about HIV/AIDS in Manipur, he comes to understand the importance of studying drug abuse or use in Manipur as the first HIV positive cases were reported among the IDUs (Injecting Drug Users). Studies show that popping of pills was a common practice especially among the urban youths in the early 1970s. By late 1970s there was a shift in the practice of using drugs, a section of youths started injecting morphine and soon injecting of morphine  became very common and popular among the then youths and it spreaded like a fashion in Manipur. In the mid 1980s there was scarcity in the availability of morphine in Imphal and heroin was introduced to the morphine injectors as a substitute. From the mid 1980s injecting of heroin among the youths turn in to an epidemic proportion.

Social Scientists in Digital Information Environment


Title: Social Scientists in Digital Information Environment
Author: Sarangthem Bembem
ISBN:  978-93-86934-18-5

About the book:

In this work Social Scientists in Digital Information Environment undertaken to assess their information needs, information seeking behaviour in digital environment, use of ICT-based services, the problems and barriers encountered, the stock of availability of digital resources in social science and its related organisations has attempted to suggest for designing a model through which the social scientists can meet their information needs. The study covers 463 Social Scientists comprising of Teachers, Teacher cum Researchers, Researchers, Social Workers, Professionals and Others who are engaged in a number of social science and its related organisations/ institutions of Manipur.

Flood Management in India’s North East and Bangladesh


Title: Flood Management in India’s North East and Bangladesh
Author: Priyanka Mallick
ISBN:  978-93-86934-19-2


About the Author:
Dr. Priyanka Mallick completed M.A (2004) in Political Science (specialisation in International Relations) from Banaras Hindu University (BHU), M. Phil (2004-06) in South Asian Studies, School of International Studies, JNU. She got her PhD (2012) from South Asian Studies, School of International Studies, JNU.

She is currently working as Assistant Professor in Christ University, Bangalore. She was earlier working in Delhi University as Assistant Professor.

About the Book:

Floods are an integral part of the inherent variability of nature. It is an attribute of the physical environment and thus is an important component of hydrological cycle of a drainage basin. They are also essential elements in the creation and maintenance of many ecosystems and in the geomorphic evolution of landscape. Flooding is a normal seasonal inundation of floodplain to which traditional settlements, infrastructure and land use are well adapted. It plays a major role in replenishing freshwater resources, recharging wetlands and groundwater and supporting agriculture and fishery systems, thereby making flood plains preferred areas for human settlement and various economic activities. However, floods have negative impacts as well, such as on lives, livelihoods and economic activities and in extreme cases they cause devastation.
A preoccupation with natural events and hydrological processes may lead to a narrow, cosmetic and incomplete understanding of the causes of flood hazards and disasters and to narrowly defined and unsuccessful approaches for addressing them. On the other hand, too much focus on social causes can lead to effective measures aimed at reducing flood risks being overlooked. So, this problem is investigated further through multidisciplinary and environmental approaches by focussing on two case studies, namely Bangladesh and India’s north-eastern region.  
In the Indian sub-continent, India and Bangladesh share three major river systems, Ganga, Brahmaputra and Meghna (GBM), which serve as the life line of millions of people. Due to the excessive water flow in the monsoon months in these three rivers, the people of both the countries suffer from untold miseries due to the occurrence of floods almost every year, particularly in Bangladesh and the north eastern region of India.
India’s North East has all the attributes of a huge powerhouse and reservoir that could transform the region, ameliorate poverty, and generate enormous national wealth. The region receives an average annual rainfall of 2470 mm which drains into one of the largest river system viz. Brahmaputra and Barak. Due to high rainfall, the annual soil loss due to erosion is 455.9 million tonnes, carrying with it about 976 thousand tonnes of nutrient load. After the unexpected heavy floods in 1954, the Government of India took several steps to constitute a number of committees to study flood problems in India. Some important ones are: Policy Statement (1954), Ministerial Committee on flood control (1964), Working Groups on flood control for Five Year Plans, Rashtriya Barh Ayog (1980) and the National Water Policy (2002).
In 1980 The Brahmaputra Board was established by Government with a number of responsibilities related to the development and management of the Brahmaputra and Barak basins, commencing with a series of surveys and investigations that would form a basis for planning. Two mega projects on the Dihang (also called the Siang), the main stream of the Brahmaputra, and the Subansiri were identified. Additional benefits included improved navigation, rich reservoir fisheries, and considerable augmentation of lean season flows, which could possibly be diverted to the Ganga in West Bengal through a major link canal traversing Bangladesh from a barrage at Jogighopa. However, since Bangladesh opposed the link canal idea on a number of grounds, India had to withdraw the proposal.
Bangladesh being the lower riparian is known to be even more vulnerable to floods. Frequent floods have put enormous constraints on its development potential. Unfortunately, the frequency of high intensity floods is on the rise. So far the country has struggled to put a sizeable infrastructure in place to prevent flooding in many parts of the country with limited success. In recent times, it was found that losses of lives and valuable assets could be significantly minimized by implementing non-structural measures including the improvement of flood forecasting and warning system. The existing flood forecasting and warning capacity of Bangladesh could be more effective if real-time data could be acquired from upstream areas within the GBM catchment, where runoff is generated. Bangladesh can develop effective flood forecasting and warning systems with the real-time comprehensive data on water levels in rivers and rainfall, which are available from India in particular, but also from Nepal and Bhutan so as to face the problem well before danger levels are reached.


History and Nature in Amitav Ghosh


Title: History and Nature in Amitav Ghosh
Author: Bhubaneswar Deka
ISBN: 978-93-86934-20-8

About the Author: 
Dr. Bhubaneswar Deka is currently working as Associate Professor and Head of English Department, Pandu College, Pandu, Guwahati, Assam. He has done M.Phil, Ph.D., and D.Sc. / D.Litt from Assam University.


The author has many books under his belt. They are Aravinda Kalita Zindabad (Novel-Assamese), Mrigatrishna (Novel-Assamese), Markin Sahityar Rup Aru Rekha (Assamese), English Essays, (edited), Treasure Trove, and Eta Dharal Kolomor Sandhanat (Assamese).

About the Book:

The first part of the book is concentrated on how colonial, pre-colonial and post-colonial history of the subcontinent side by side global history is fictionalized and represented in the fictions and nonfictions of Amitav Ghosh, Indian novelist of the twenty first century. An attempt to re-read political connotations, issues of India’s colonial past and the contemporary world is made in the light of New Historicism. Ghosh’s politics of representation is also surveyed to some extent referring to postcolonialism, globalization, subalternity, neo-colonialism, liminality, binary oppositions, colonial hegemony, ambivalence etc.

In the second part, Ghosh’s concern for the endangered eco-system or his environmental imagination is checked from a new perspective Eco-criticism or Green Cultural Studies. 

Monday, 26 March 2018

Glossary of Linguistic Terms


Title: Glossary of Linguistic Terms
Author: Mutum Rameshwor Singh
ISBN: 978-93-86934-11-6
Category: Linguistics

About the Book:
Glossary of Linguistic Terms, Volume-I aims at familiarizing the readers with the basic concepts and principles of the subject. Linguistics is a fascinating multi-dimensional discipline interacting with such diverse areas of study as sociology, psychology, anthropology, history, literary stylistics and so on. However, those who take up the study of linguistics often admit to the awesome complexities that they initially encounter. This book attempts to introduce to the students the general concepts of the subject in a lucid and easily comprehensible manner. It is partly an outcome of the effort to demystify the myth of linguistics being a complex and difficult subject. It deals with the basics, and they are the foundations on which further growth of interest depends on. It is designed for such aspirants who have decided to undergo for a course in linguistics or read it as one of the papers at the undergraduate and post-graduate levels. This book may serve as an easy reference to comprehend the various linguistic terms.

About the Author:
Dr. Mutum Rameshwor Singh, M.A. English, M.Phil., Ph.D., UGC (NET), is an Assistant Professor and he is teaching English Literature and Linguistics to the Undergraduate and Post-Graduate students in the Post Graduate Department of English, D.M. College of Arts, Imphal. He specializes in ELT (Sociolinguistics). He has published many research papers on various disciplines in the reputed journals and also participated and presented papers in numerous national and international academic seminars, conferences, workshops and training courses.

Social Justice in a New Paradigm


Title: Social Justice in a New Paradigm
Author: Saurabh Anand
ISBN: 978-93-86934-13-0
Category: Law/Political Science/Sociology
Language: English

About the Author:
Saurabh Anand is currently teaching Sociology and Social Work subjects at Gujarat National Law University. He is having the academic experience of more than 10 years. He is also the Director of GNLU Centre for Law and Society. He has been the faculty convener of Legal Services Committee for more than five years. He has completed his higher education from Department of Sociology, Panjab University, Chandigarh. He has published papers indifferent journals and books. He has attended more than twenty seminars and conferences. His areas of interests include Disability and Law; Gender Studies;Subaltern Studies and Sociology of Development.

About the Book:
Built around the theme ‘New Legal Paths for seeking Social Justice’, the 1st edition of the GNLU Essay Competition on Law and Society, organized under the able guidance of Prof. Upendra Baxi, Emeritus Professor of Law, University of Warwick, sought creative insights from students belonging to both law and non-law disciplines as to the adequacy of present-day laws in addressing problems they seek to alleviate. The theme connotes what Roscoe Pound had propounded nearly a century ago – law, among others, is a social mechanism meant to further the ends of society. Each sub-theme seeks to examine a contemporary law in light of its adequacy in fulfilling the noble ideals that it vouches to attain. The sub-theme ‘Freedom of Expression v. Religious Sensitivities: Are Blasphemy Laws the way out?’ seeks to examine the contemporary significance of blasphemy laws in averting religious violence.

Blasphemy laws, a British colonial legacy, are intended to shield religious sentiments from fanning violence amongst diverse religious groups in India. However, their applicability and usage has acquired a different tenor in a swiftly shifting context. The essays explore the possibility of their repeal as a permanent solution to the anachronistic anomaly they propose. ‘Reconsidering Socio-Economic Parameters for Defining Caste’treads on the delicate issue of reservation to examine its conduciveness in levelling the playground. Examining the grey area of creamy layer, keeping in view the inconsistencies in what reservations propose and achieve, it is often found to be perpetrating greater inequality in an unsuccessful attempt at ensuring equality. The fallacy in ignoring economic considerations while attempting to insert an equalizer in the socio-legal metric has been examined, analysed and criticized in the essays, in the light of ‘intelligible differentia’ as the touchstone of equality.

‘Securing Rights Conducive to Social Change: Third Gender Rights in India’ examines a case for recognition of third gender rights in India. The human tendency to oppress the deviant minority, and proof to the contrary is examined in context of ancient Hindu jurisprudence. A historical insight into Victorian modernity and colonialism as the genesis of the present taboo against the transgender community clears the air around the debate to a huge extent. ‘Escaping Persecution: National Register of Citizens as a Measure to Counter Illegal Immigration?’looks at the idea of a national register as key to resolve the problem of illegal immigration that has plagued Assam and other bordering states. Controversially reliant on electoral rolls which may have little long-term reliability, the immigration issue has been central to an intense political debate and agitation spanning decades. The case for a National Register weakens in light of the fact that these immigrants have been living on Indian soil for decades now, possibilities of their deportation are nil and these immigrants need to be legally protected against possible persecution.

Essays under this sub-theme examine the policy consequences of a National Register and its present status. ‘Era of Land Reforms: Balancing Industrial Development and Agricultural Interest’ looks at the necessity to ensure a balance between industrial development and farmers’ rights. The forcible acquisition of land and petty compensation has made land acquisition a dreaded subject amongst farmers in India. In the light of economic liberalisation, attempts are being made in India’s growing economy to lend support to industries. However, such support must not leave farmers helpless and deprived. The extent of fallacy and proposed solutions under land acquisition laws are the subject of examination under this sub-theme. ‘Challenging the Leviathan: Sedition Law in India’ looks into the detrimental modern-age repercussions of an archaic British sedition law that was intended to smother to quietness voices raised against the British Raj. The ever-increasing ambit of the fundamental freedom of speech and expression faces a challenge from sedition laws, and the friction born out of them has led to fiery debates and controversies. The modification or repeal of sedition laws to the extent of preserving freedom of speech and expression is the crucial subject of examination under this theme.

‘Death By Incarceration: A Limitation on the Term of Punishment’ expostulates upon the idea of meting out justice on both ends: to the victim and to the perpetrator. Incarceration for life as a means of punishment is still a silent reminder of the prevalence of the older punitive and retributive theories in the modern justice system. A limitation on the time span of imprisonment is reflective of the reformative theory of punishment and seeks to achieve more than can ever be attained through imprisonment of an individual till death.

‘Domestic Violence Laws: More Misuse Than Use’ examines the hazards of a legislation intending to protect the interests of a particular group going too far. Envisaged to provide teeth to women facing oppression at the hands of a patriarchal society, the legislation has become a tool for oppressing the husband and his relatives. The legislation has come to earn the reputation of being frequently misused. This sub-theme seeks solutions for a rebalancing of interests to prevent abuse of law. ‘Is the soft law vehicle of CSR sufficient for domestic corporates to discharge their responsibility towards the society?’examines India’s old tryst with Corporate Social Responsibility which became official when it became the first country to legally mandate spending and reporting CSR. The unique nature of CSR as it stems from Gandhian trusteeship to the ‘triple bottom line’ approach as means to a just and equitable social order, has to be duly examined in the light of its mandatory nature and a comparison with other jurisdictions impose similar requirements. The sub-theme seeks to inquire into discrepancies in the CSR mechanism and solutions for effectively countering them.

‘Should MNCs be held criminally responsible for human rights violations?’ explores the self-contradictory idea of identifying criminal liability by mens area in a multinational corporation so as to ensure accountability for human right violations. Identifying the extent to which liability can be vested in an MNC comes with its allied difficulties, which necessarily involves a balancing of interests between ensuring protection against human right violations and definitively placing liability.

Introduction to Linguistics


Title:  Introduction to Linguistics
Author: Mutum Rameshwor Singh
ISBN: 978-93-86934-12-3
Category: Linguistics
Year of Publication: 2018


About the Book:
Introduction to Linguistics aims at familiarizing the readers with the basic concepts and principles of the subject. Linguistics is a fascinating and multi-dimensional discipline, interacting with such diverse areas of study as sociology, psychology, anthropology, history, literary stylistics and so on. However, those who take up the study of linguistics often admit to the awesome complexities that they initially encounter. This book may be used by them as a reference text. It attempts to introduce to the students the general concepts of the subject in a lucid and easily comprehensible manner. It is partly an outcome of the effort to demystify the myth of linguistics being a complex and difficult subject. It deals with the basics, and they are the foundations on which further growth of interest depends on. It is designed for such aspirants who have decided to undergo for a course in linguistics or read it as one of the papers at the undergraduate and post-graduate levels.

About the Author:
Dr. Mutum Rameshwor Singh, M.A. English, M.Phil., Ph.D., UGC (NET), is an Assistant Professor and he is teaching English Literature and Linguistics to the Undergraduate and Post-Graduate students in the Post Graduate Department of English, D.M. College of Arts, Imphal. He specializes in ELT (Sociolinguistics). He has published many research papers on various disciplines in the reputed journals and also participated and presented papers in numerous national and international academic seminars, conferences, workshops and training courses.